项目管理师每日一练9辑

发布时间:2021-08-14
项目管理师每日一练9辑

项目管理师每日一练9辑 第1辑


● You are managing an internal project where a vice president from the user group is acting as the sponsor. You have just been informed by your team that the critical path has slipped by three weeks. You should:

A Immediately inform. the sponsor and ask for advice

B Do nothing until the slippage occurs

C See the sponsor after you have evaluated alternatives, recommendations, and performed an impact analysis

D Look for someone to blame before you see the sponsor

E Inform. your senior management of the problem and tell them that you will get back to them after you assessed the situation

正确答案:C


190 The way a project manager sends and receives information depends upon:

A. How others relate to the project manager

B. The project manager's level in the organizational hierarchy

C. the size and nature of the project

D. the project manager's salary and age

E. the number of projects going on at one time in the company

正确答案:A


一般来说,对一个成本补偿合同的承包商的补偿是基于:

A、承包商最佳状况下的实际成本

B、按照合同规定交付产品和服务

C、使用的资源数量

D、如果成本上限被超过,实际成本减去利润

正确答案:A


● Scheduling systems such as PERT, ADM, and PDM are project management tools to be used by:

A The project manager and project office personnel.

B The project team and functional managers.

C The project sponsor.

D All of the above.

E A and B only.

正确答案:E


_____ is a method of procurement where a contract results from a bid which may be changed through bargaining.

A Acquisition

B Contract negotiation

C Procurement

D Purchase negotiation

E None of the above.

正确答案:B


你们的项目团队正在从事设计和制造一种永远不会被卡住的“轻巧型拉练”。你建立了一贯质量管理系统并在整个项目过程中同时实施质量保证和质量控制。你发现某些工作有必要进行返工。然而,在你们公司中从来没有人在工作上“返工”。你应该如何解释“返工”?

A、 在一定情况下是可以接受的

B、 是基于质量控制衡量做出的一种调整措施

C、 修改一些不符合要求的产品以使它们达到预定的要求

D、 如果能够及早地发现这些错误就不用重来一遍了

正确答案:C


79 Project alternatives are examined during the _____ phase of the project

A. conceptual

B. finish

C. development

D. implementation

E. A and C

正确答案:E


项目管理师每日一练9辑 第2辑


合同的语言有时会引起误解并对项目的完成情况产生负面影响。因此,应该有一个非正式的能相对较快地克服这些障碍的方法。一个方法是将有总理2的事情交给无利害关系的第三方来解决。这个过程叫做——( )

A.可供选择的争论解决方案

B.问题处理过程

C.指导性解决方案

D.诉讼调停

正确答案:A


17 All of the following statements about acceptance sampling are true except:

A. Acceptance sampling plans are beneficial when the cost of inspection is high and the resulting loss of passing nonconforming units is not great.

B. Acceptance sampling plans are necessary when destructive inspections are required.

C. Acceptance sampling plans are never effective at rejecting nonconforming units as 100 percent inspection, even when the inspection process is very tedious.

D. Acceptance sampling plans do not directly control the quality of a series of lots; they instead specify the risk of accepting lots of given quality.

E. Acceptance sampling plans are not very effective for inspecting small lots of custom-made products

正确答案:C


● Lessons learned are most often based upon project historical records. Lessons learned can be used to:

A See what mistakes others have made

B See how others have solved problems

C Predict trends, highlight problems and identify alternatives

D All of the above

E A and B only

正确答案:D


146 The five major cost categories of quality are _____ .

A. prevention, appraisal, internal failures, external failures, and equipment (measurement and test). B. specifications, QA programs, QC programs, parts rejected and parts returned

C. Staffing, Training, reviews, equipment and rejected goods

D. sampling, design considerations, manufacturing considerations, training and rework.

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


Affinity diagrams are used to:

A . determine if a process is in control.

B . determine root cause.

C . show the relationship among variables.

D . categorize large amounts of data.

E . None of the above.

正确答案:D


某个项目的努力目标是通过自动售货机及快餐店向大众提供山羊级,你是该项目的经理。你的第一个任务是进行项目成本估计。你决定用类比估计方法。以下哪一条不具有类比估计方法的特征?( )

A.支持自下而上的估计

B.是专家判断的一种形式

C.实际成本准确率为±10%

D.应用以前相似的项目成本作为估计现在项目成本的基础

正确答案:C


107 A work breakdown structure is most useful for:

A. identifying individual tasks for a project

B. scheduling the start of tasks

C. developing a cost estimate

D. determining potential delays

E. A and C

正确答案:E


项目管理师每日一练9辑 第3辑


在以下那此领域的冲突代表了所有项目冲突50%以上的内容

A、项目成员,成本目标和进度表

B、成本目标,行政程序和进度表

C、进度表,项目优先性和人力资源

D、项目成员,项目优先性和成本目标

正确答案:C


项目经理在矩阵组织中的最重要的作用是?

A、 沟通

B、 整合

C、 谈判

D、 领导

正确答案:B


185 In general, attempts to smooth out period to period resources will _____ the scheduled time and _____ project costs.

A. Increase, decrease.

B. Increase, increase

C. Increase, increase or decrease.

D. Decrease, decrease.

E. Decrease, increase

正确答案:B


Five people are involved on a project that requires significant communication between all project participants. How many lines of communication exist on this project?

A 5

B 6

C 8

D 10

E 9

正确答案:D


最近你完成了一个公司餐厅设施的食品服务评估项目。你发现了很多问题,其中包括空售货机,粗鲁的员工,缓慢的饿队伍,贫乏的菜式,以及高价。你决定里利用帕雷托图来展示你的发。因为帕雷托图是一种出色的方法,可以用来( )

A.通过对相同原因的归类,显示产生了多少结果

B.在历史数据的基础上预测将来的结果

C.显示哪一个变量对全部结果的影响最大

D.显示不同的原因及附属原因是如何结合起来产生潜在的问题或者影响的

正确答案:A


下列哪一项不是质量计划的输入 ( )

A.范围说明

B.规定

C.工作结果

D.标准

E.质量方针

正确答案:C


180 In which organizational form. do project managers usually get to know the employees well enough to provide an input into their performance review?

A. Expediter

B. Coordinator

C. Pure project

D. Matrix

E. Line-staff

正确答案:C


项目管理师每日一练9辑 第4辑


49 The most effective team motivator is:

A. the visibility of the team's contribution

B. the satisfaction of meeting a challenge

C. understanding the importance of the project

D. the individual's professional challenge

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


你们的项目团队正在从事设计和制造一种永远不会被卡住的“轻巧型拉练”。你建立了一贯质量管理系统并在整个项目过程中同时实施质量保证和质量控制。你发现某些工作有必要进行返工。然而,在你们公司中从来没有人在工作上“返工”。你应该如何解释“返工”?

A、 在一定情况下是可以接受的

B、 是基于质量控制衡量做出的一种调整措施

C、 修改一些不符合要求的产品以使它们达到预定的要求

D、 如果能够及早地发现这些错误就不用重来一遍了

正确答案:C


126 Which of the following risks are generally considered unpredictable:

A. business risk

B. financial risk

C. inflation

D. natural hazards

E. taxes

正确答案:C


● Using the figure in the Special window, The critical path is:

A A-B-G

B C-G

C C-D

D E-F

E A-B-G and C-D

正确答案:B


68 Group brainstorming encourages all of the following except:

A. Team building

B. Uninhibited verbalization

C. Decision making

D. Analysis of alternatives

E. Convergent thinking

正确答案:E


上个星期你还舒舒服服地在海边休假,今天你却不得不埋头于工作。有个项目经理的位置目前空缺,因为前任项目经理决定退休并且要在阿肯色开一个鲶鱼农场,而你接管了这个项目,现在要检查一堆关于这个项目的范围变更请求。为了评估这个项目将在什么程度上变更,你需要将这些变更要求跟哪一个项目文件的要求作比较?

A、 范围说明

B、 工作分解结构

C、 项目计划

D、 管理计划范围

正确答案:B


184 Utility Theory:

A. considers the risk propensity of the decision makers.

B. is based on proven statistical methods.

C. deals with the usefulness of the end product.

D. is a key element of ISO 9000

E. B and C

正确答案:A


项目管理师每日一练9辑 第5辑


71 There are hard causes of conflict (e.g. conflicting schedules) and soft causes. Soft causes are as important as hard causes. Soft causes include diversity of disciplinary expertise, _____, and the project manager's power of reward and punishment.

A. Performance tradeoffs

B. Ambiguity of roles

C. Administrative procedures

D. Determining earned value

正确答案:B


● The scope statement provides

A A basis for future decisions about a project.

B A baseline to accomplish verification measures.

C A baseline to evaluate potential scope changes.

D All of the above

E B and C only

正确答案:D


56 A project may be defined as _____

A. an integrated approach to managing projects

B. a coordinated undertaking of interrelated activities.

C. a group of activities directed by a project manger over a life cycle

D. an undertaking with a defined starting point and defined objectives

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


A work breakdown structure:

A . assures all work is identified.

B . subdivides the project into manageable segments.

C . provides the project sponsor with a time-phase task summary.

D . both A and B.

E . All of the above.

正确答案:D

 


谈判期间项目经理的关键作用是:

A、 保护买卖双方的关系

B、 确保双方都能赢

C、 确保他们将所有风险分配给了对方

D、 确保他们受到沟通计划

正确答案:A


自上而下建立PERT/CPM图形时其起始点是( )

A.项目规格树

B.客户可交付成果清单

C.客户里程碑日期

D.工作分解结构

正确答案:D


A project manager believes that the best way to manage is to form. a good, harmonious working relationship with the team, and high performance will follow. The project manager could be defined as a _____ manager.

A . 1,9

B . 9,1

C . 1,1

D . 9,9

E . 5,5

正确答案:A


项目管理师每日一练9辑 第6辑


25 For a given characteristic in a construction process, the standard deviation associated with production variation is 0.8", and the standard deviation associated with measurement variation is 0.6". The total standard deviation for this characteristic is:

A. 1.4"

B. 1.2".

C. 1.0"

D. 0.8"

E. 0.2"

正确答案:C


一个组织选择项目筛选模型时最重要的标准是:

A、 性能

B、 现实性

C、 便于使用

D、 成本

正确答案:B


购买保险是( )-风险的例子 ( )

A.降低

B.转移

C.接受

D.避免

正确答案:B


项目质量保证部门最近对项目进行了质量检查,得到了一系列的发现和建议。其中有一条建议看起来非常关键,应该采纳,因为它能影响到能否向顾客成功地提交项目产品。如果这条建议没有得到采纳的话,产品很可能达不到要求。下一步你应该怎么做?

A.召开一次项目团队会议,看看应该由谁来负责这个问题

B.重新制定这个问题的负责人

C.马上进行产品的返工

D.发布一项变更要求以采取必要的纠正措施

正确答案:D


64 Achieving effective upward communications in an organization requires that the sender consider which of the following:

A. entropy

B. position

C. the medium

D. A and B.

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


买主正同承包商谈一个固定价加奖励的合同。合同的目标成本是$200,000,目标利润是$30,000,目标价是

$230,000。买主也规定了最高价是$270,000共享比例是70/30。如果承包商完成合同时实际成本是$170,000,

买主要付承包商多少利润?

a.$21,000

b.$30,000

c.$35,000

d.$39,000

e.$51,000

正确答案:D
d. $39,000
计算买主的付款,实际成本同目标成本相比,如果实际成本低于目标成本,承包商将赚得目标利润以外的利润。如果实际成本高于目标成本,承包商将失去目标利润以内的利润。其数量由共享比例(买主份额在前面)决定。此例中,承包商低于目标成本$30,000,它将被分成70/30。买主得$21,000,承包商得到$9,000的额外收入加上奖励的目标利润。总额是$39,000.。


质量保证促进了质量进步。质量“领袖”讨论了推动年度质量进步和年度质量相关成本的降低的重要性。实际上,Joseph Juran申明任何使机构和业绩达到空前水平的进步的活的都是一个突破。用迪明Deming的话来讲,这种突破攻击了( )

A.差异产生的具体原因

B.差异产生的一般原因

C.对于预防的检查

D.具体的差异容忍度

正确答案:B


项目管理师每日一练9辑 第7辑


目标不变是持续进步的一个核心理念。一个拥有目标不变性的组织机构必须具有下面所有的元素,除了哪一个?

A、对于目标和远景的书面的,并且广为人知的陈述

B、一系列战略战术计划

C、所有组织机构的成员的目标、远景的意识,以及他们在取得目标过程中的意识

D、不同的质量保证和控制部门分别向高级管理机构提供报告

正确答案:D


以下哪一项不是在编制项目计划时必须做出的权衡决策?( )

A.使用熟练还是不熟练的劳动力

B.比较供货方应该获得的利润和其他供货方以前收到的利润

C.自造还是把工作承包给分包商

D.成本/质量的重要性

正确答案:B


29 Project life cycles are very useful for _____ and _____ .

A. Configuration management, termination

B. Objective setting, information gathering

C. Standardization, control

D. Configuration management, weekly status updates

E. Approval, termination

正确答案:C


● The time necessary to complete a project is called the _______ of a project.

A Implementation Time

B Life Cycle

C Operation Time

D Critical Path

E Completion Phase

正确答案:B


190 The first step in building a PERT/CPM network is to:

A. Create a flow chart

B. Determine the critical path

C. Show task relationships

D. Create a work breakdown structure

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


当记录到实际测量到的质量特征时,如用千分之一英寸表达尺寸,质量是用什么来表示的?( )

A.特性

B.变量

C.属性

D.性质

正确答案:B


200 A common way by which executives provide the project manager with written authority is through:

A. A common job description for all project managers

B. An appointment letter

C. A project charter

D. All of the above

E. B and C only

正确答案:E


项目管理师每日一练9辑 第8辑


101 Parametric cost estimating involves

A. using the WBS to do bottom up estimates

B. defining the perimeters of the life-cycle

C. calculating the individual estimates of work packages

D. using a statistical model to estimate costs

E. A and C

正确答案:D


An individual who is working on the satisfaction of physiological needs has essentially satisfied which needs?

A Safety

B Empowerment/authority

C Esteem

D Self-actualization

E None of the above

正确答案:E


在面对面交流中,信息同时以语言和非语言的形式传递.若非语言暗示与所说的信息不相符,交流发生障碍.非语言沟通包括运用___

a. 形体特征

b. 美学特征

c. 标记

d. 符号

e. 以上全部

正确答案:E
71.   e.  All the above   
For example, physical characteristics used in communication are facial expression, tone of voice, touch, smell, and body motion; aesthetic characteristics are creative expressions such as music, dance, or painting; signs that convey a message are the signal flag, the 21-gun salute, and the automobile horn; and symbols include those used in religion or to convey status, as well as many others.


以下哪个术语用于描述延迟后续活动的逻辑关系的调整

A、 滞后

B、 超前

C、 时差

D、 闲置(Slack)

正确答案:A


以下哪项是参数估算的例子?

A、 回归(还原)分析

B、 学习弯曲(Learning bend)

C、 自下而上

D、 关键路径法(CPM)

正确答案:A


17 The behavioral responsibilities of a project manager may also include dealing with:

A. The public

B Regulatory personnel

C. The legal environment

D. Environmental issues

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


61 Cost and schedule data are usually integrated because:

A. optimized project cash flow can affect financial requirements

B. they provide MIS with an integrated system to produce reports

C. they control escalation allowances

D. they account for omissions in the definitive estimate

E. they predict future performance

正确答案:E


项目管理师每日一练9辑 第9辑


买方运用一系列的激励方法使卖方提前或按合同的规定完成任务。其中一种激励是清偿损失额。从卖方的观点看,清偿损失额是何种激励?( )

A.正面的

B.负面的

C.正常的

D.倾向于风险的

正确答案:B


120 A calendar that identifies when a project may be performed on an activity is called a:

A. Project calendar.

B. Resource calendar.

C. Milestone point.

D. Key point.

E. Work unit

正确答案:A


渐进明细是结合了项目的一次性和独特的特点。在编制项目计划的过程中,渐进明细在以下哪个方面也是重要的:

A、假设

B、限制条件

C、项目管理信息系统

D、组织政策和程序

正确答案:A


140 Which of the following control types has the highest risk to the owner:

A. Firm fixed price (FFP)

B. Time and material (T&M)

C. Cost plus fixed fee (CPFF)

D. Cost plus incentive fee (CPIF)

E. A and B only

正确答案:B


以下哪项可以使进度编制变得灵活?

A、 自由时差

B、 总时差

C、 ADM

D、 赶工

正确答案:B


The following types of costs are relevant to making a financial decision except:

A . opportunity costs

B . direct costs

C . sunk cost

D . unavoidable costs

E . None of the above

正确答案:C


你最近完成了一个你们公司餐厅设备的食物服务评价项目。你发现一些问题,其中包括售货机缺货、服务员没礼貌、排队太慢、菜单可选项太少及价格较贵。你打算用帕雷托图来显示你的发现,因为它在 方面是一个非常好的方法。( )

A.显示由于某类确定的原因而产生了多少结果

B.基于历史的结果预测未来的结果

C.显示哪一些偏差对总的结果影响最大

D.展示各种原因和子原因是如何地结合而产生潜在的问题和效果

正确答案:A